[sdiy] MIDI Clock sync advice

DIY DSP diydsp at yahoo.com
Fri Mar 8 17:52:33 CET 2024

I've done this the "easy" way with a software PLL, and the hard way with a Kalman filter.  Technically what you need depends on the noise/error profile of the source clock.But start with the software PLL.. On every 4th input clock, use the error to update the phase and period of the output clock.For this application, since the signals will converge very quickly relative to how often they chance, I recommend using only the P term from the PID to compute the error and reset the phase of the output clock on the spot to the input clock.

Noah Vawter's futuristic electronic music instrument lab: youtube.com/diydsp 

    On Friday, March 8, 2024 at 10:20:30 AM EST, Tom Wiltshire <tom at electricdruid.net> wrote:  
 Hi All,

Has anyone got any experience dealing with writing software to sync to MIDI clock that they can share?

I'm working on a drum sequencer which will run at 96PPQN, and it'd be nice if it could sync to incoming 24PPQN MIDI Clock messages.

I can see a couple of ways to do this:

1) Some sort of PID controller, where we compare the internal timing and the incoming clock timing and derive some error signals.
2) IIR filtering. We measure the time between incoming clocks and then use an IIR filter to provide some averaging and smoothing. We then set the internal clock based on the filter's output.

(2) seems like the simpler approach. Clearly it will introduce some lag when changing tempo, but I'm not sure I see this as a fault - smooth tempo changes could be a feature. And depending on how much filtering is required, that lag might actually be quite short. What's a reasonable time constant for such a thing?

How has this been approached in the past? I know that I'm not the first person to do this, so I'm just trying to avoid re-inventing the stone-age MIDI wheel!

Many thanks for any ideas/pointers offered,

      Electric Druid
Synth & Stompbox DIY

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