[sdiy] Noise source in Bryston 10B crossover
cheater00social at gmail.com
Sun May 9 17:16:44 CEST 2021
I am using a Linkwitz-Riley based three-way crossover from Bryston. It
turns out to be the major source of noise in my setup and I am trying
to see if anything can be improved on the circuit in order to lower
its inherent noise, which is standard at -90dB. It uses linear voltage
regulators (7824C, 7924C) as well as what I guess are discrete
transistor based op amps. My main issue is with noise in the HF
output. I think it is the first output from the subsequent filter
stages, which should make it easier to analyze the schematic... but I
can't really make much sense out of it.
My crossover is a PMC 10B, which is a rebranded Bryston 10B hardwired
in three-way mono mode, and is balanced.
1. First of all I am trying to understand where the noise comes from.
Are the op amps adding this noise? Is it the voltage rail noise being
compounded by several stages of op amps?
2. If I wanted to improve noise on the voltage rails, what would I do?
The 7824C has noise specd at 10 uV/V_O which I assume means 240 uV at
24V, and the 7924C is specd at 170 uV at 24V. That gives us 410 uV /
48V = -101.36 dB - can this be improved upon? There isn't a huge
selection of linear 24V 1A regulators on Mouser. The only other is
from ROHM, and (I'll spare you translating the Japanese data sheet)
their +24V regulator is at 170uV, which isn't that much better than
3. What could I do to improve the filters themselves? Can I replace
the transistors used with something that provides less noise? Could I
replicate the boards with the same topology but with modern low noise
op amps instead of the discrete transistor based ones used by Bryston?
There are op amps that go as low as 1nV/sqrt(Hz) nowadays... I wonder
how hard it would be to repurpose the schematic to a low noise
integrated op amp? Note that this device runs at +/-24V rails - I'm
not sure how one would use modern low level op amps like this - any
4. The noise is constant, white-ish, and every now and then it will
fluctuate and become quieter for a second or so. What causes this
BTW I know I can get rid of a bunch of the noise using gain staging,
but I would like to eke out more dynamic range out of this set up, as
the following Bryston electronics easily hit -113 dB noise, so it
sucks to lose 24 dB headroom to noise.
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