[sdiy] Triangle to saw conversion in triangle-core VCOs
David G Dixon
dixon at mail.ubc.ca
Wed Nov 13 17:43:08 CET 2019
It's actually negative voltages. A positive constant voltage (from an
onboard precision 5V source) is summed into a 0.5-gain inverter with the
Once this voltage source is trimmed properly, the glitch in the centre of
the sawtooth is very small -- practically non-existent.
From: Synth-diy [mailto:synth-diy-bounces at synth-diy.org] On Behalf Of René
Sent: Wednesday, November 13, 2019 8:27 AM
To: synth-diy at synth-diy.org
Subject: Re: [sdiy] Triangle to saw conversion in triangle-core VCOs
On 13.11.2019 16:54, David G Dixon wrote:
> Here's how I do it (and how it has been done in the Dixie and Rubicon):
> First, cut the triangle in half (through a gain-of-0.5 inverter) and lift
> into positive territory by summing a trimmed constant voltage of exactly
> half of the triangle's peak-to-peak amplitude.
> Second, send this halved and lifted triangle to a "Positive-Negative"
> gain opamp circuit. This is an opamp with the input connected to both the
> positive and negative terminals through resistors of the same value as the
> feedback resistor, and with a JFET switch on the positive input connected
> ground so that when the JFET is "On" the opamp is an inverter, and when it
> is "Off" the opamp is a follower (the negative input is offset by the
> positive input at a gain of 2 -- this requires 1% resistors for accuracy).
> This JFET is controlled by the square wave which is generated by the
> tri-square core comparator (through a diode to eliminate the positive
> This technique gives a decent sawtooth waveform. If the "halving and
> lifting" opamp is replaced by a simple inverter, then this circuit gives a
> sawtooth wave at twice the frequency. This is also used in the Rubicon.
So in essence you create that added square-wave component on the fly,
by adding the constant pedestal voltage prior to the optional inverter.
And your switch only sees positive voltages.
I would think that this avoids some of the transients that otherwise can
occur in the middle of the waveform.
synth at schmitzbits.de
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