[sdiy] TX81Z, YMxx chips, and aliasing

KD KD pic24hj at gmail.com
Sat Sep 8 00:42:43 CEST 2018

Yes, i think all yamaha PM synths have keyboard scaling to change
modulation index.
e.g page 144 SY99 manual 4 breakpoints describes how the level of a
modulator or operator over keyboard are freely scaled. All waveforms
are mathematical transforms
of sines.

2018-09-05 14:14 GMT+02:00, rburnett at richieburnett.co.uk
<rburnett at richieburnett.co.uk>:
> As Michael said, the FM spectrum is theoretically infinite even with a
> sinusoidal carrier and modulator.
> However, I believe that synths like the DX-7 reduced audible aliasing by
> employing mappings across the keyboard that decreased the modulation
> index of patches progressively for higher pitched notes.  Reducing the
> modulation index in Frequency Modulation puts less energy into the
> higher-order sidebands and more energy into the close-in sidebands from
> the FM process, so it results in a signal that has less potential to
> alias badly.
> -Richie,
> On 2018-09-05 12:56, Declare Update wrote:
>> Ah! very good point. thanks.
>> Chris
>>> On Sep 5, 2018, at 4:14 PM, Michael Zacherl <sdiy-mz01 at blauwurf.info>
>>> wrote:
>>>> On 3 Sep 2018, at 09:43, Declare Update <declareupdate at gmail.com>
>>>> wrote:
>>>> Do the yamaha FM chips, such as the YM2414 in the TX81Z, do anything
>>>> toward anti-aliasing? more specifically, does anyone know if they use
>>>> band limited tables for their extra wave forms besides sine, and is
>>>> there any attempt to band limit the signal after FM is applied?
>>> On the bottomline bandlimiting the source wave forms is moot, since
>>> it’s the FM’s sidebands which cause the aliasing (and are responsible
>>> for the rich spectrum).
>>> So even when using just sine waves you may get side bands which get
>>> above Nyquist and/or below zero.
>>> m.


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