jbv.silences at wanadoo.fr
Thu Aug 10 20:10:58 CEST 2000
> > I've been interested for a while in the possibility of making an
> > convertor using a micro, and multiplexing it, so that all the problems of
> stability in
> > the expo cells would be a thing of the past.
> > But, i'm not a programmer.
> Im hopeing to use this for converting PITCHwheel information via midi.
> But have plans for a wavetables VCO using a phase accumulator oscillator
> and an AD and doing the log function in the micro.
> > I know 12 bits would be enough, though 16 bit serial D to A convertors are
> > cheapest.
> > (Though not guaranteed for DC, I have never had trouble with them).
> 12bits for AD would be more than enough.. 4bits at the top for the octave
> (16 octaves) and 8 bits for spread over 1v for resolution of octave, which
> should be fine.
About 1.5 year ago I made plans for such a 100% digital phase
accumulator VCO (I think I even posted smthing about it to
After several weeks of simulation, I came to the conclusion
that the best approach was to use a LUT and a fixed sampling
rate, and to consider expo conv. and VCO as 1 single entity.
Actually, I used the "classical" Matthews algorithm (as used
in MusicV music software), where the output frequency of
the osc is given by :
F (in Hz) = sampling rate / samples per period
Samples per period = WFT length / increment (in samples)
>From the above, we have :
F (in Hz) = sampling rate * increment / WFT length
Increment (in samples) - WFT length * F (in Hz) / sampling rate
For instance :
for a sampling rate of 48 KHz and a 256 words LUT, the increment
(in samples) for a 440 Hz freq is :
Inc = 256 * 440 / 48000 = 2.3466666667
The expo converter itself is just a LUT which gives the adequate
increment value for each successive output value of the digital osc,
according to the CV in converted to 16 bits.
I also found out that 16 bits were necessary for an acceptable frequency
And depending on the length of the WFT you use,
linear interpolation between increment values is a great plus (typically
for WFT under 1024 samples).
Hope that helps...
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