[sdiy] BODE Frequency Shifter
Bernard Arthur Hutchins, Jr
bah13 at cornell.edu
Fri Nov 2 03:03:33 CET 2018
It is good that Atsushi Maeda found the difficultly to be only that of misidentifying a component. 90-degree PDNs are very INSENSITIVE to component tolerance variations (because they have only real-valued poles). A moderate amount of care should assure a near-nominal performance – they just work – no tweaking.
An exception to this rosy picture occurs when we use an extremely large bandwidth to minimize end phase errors – say 5000:1. The poles have a corresponding spread and so do the RC products of the individual sections. In attempting to keep resistors in a range of perhaps 5.1k to 100k, capacitors may spread outside a corresponding desired spread range of perhaps 330 pfd to 0.05 microfarad (too small means stray capacitance matters, too large that caps are physically too large). Happily I found some 30 years ago that by pairing the poles, largest to smallest, using 2dn-order secions nsead of first, the spread range is reduced to near unity. See:
LARGE SPREAD OF CAPACITOR VALUES; - Netfirms<http://electronotes.netfirms.com/EN168-90degreePDN.PDF>
THE DESIGN OF WIDEBAND ANALOG 90° PHASE DIFFERENCING NETWORKS WITHOUT /\ LARGE SPREAD OF CAPACITOR VALUES;-by Bernie Hutchins INTRODUCTION: The design of wideband 90° phase differencing networks is fundamental to the
This discussion along with several related entries is on the Electronotes site as misc. items. As a bonus, you cut the number of op-amps in half. Only reasonable way to design these – or so it seems to me.
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