[sdiy] OT: Fixing RME Fireface 800 power supply
harrybissell at wowway.com
Tue Jul 3 16:38:32 CEST 2012
Amen. I would not try to fix a SMPS unless I was an astronaut on Apollo 13 and not likely to ever see home again
unless I was successful. In fact I'd give serious consideration to just cracking the hatch open for a breath of fresh vacuum...
If you can surmise the voltages needed, a replacement supply might be a better choice.
In most cases, SMPS power supply failures involve multiple componant faults... they work well when working... but failures usually
run through many components. A former colleague of mine used to call them "like jogging with a loaded .45 automatic pointed at your
head" (fine, unless you stumble :^)
Try and look at websites of such suppliers as "MeanWell" who make SMPS clones of just about every OEM supply. I'd wager they have
one that is very similar to your photo...
----- Original Message -----
From: rburnett at richieburnett.co.uk
To: synth-diy at dropmix.xs4all.nl
Sent: Tue, 03 Jul 2012 10:05:41 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Re: [sdiy] OT: Fixing RME Fireface 800 power supply
Flyback switched-mode power supplies are notoriously difficult to fault
find. Start-up faults like this are difficult to diagnose because the
controller IC is usually powered from a small winding on the flyback
transformer tapping off some of the output power from the supply itself.
You effectively have a chick and egg scenario whereby the supply needs
to start up and provide some significant power in order to keep the
controller IC powered and hence the supply to continue running. A
supply that fails to start up, or repeatedly starts and shuts down
(tweeting or clicking noise) can often be due to a dozen or more
possible faults. (Sometimes not having enough load on one of the
outputs is enough to make a functional PSU repeatedly shut down.)
It's unlikely you will be able to get a schematic for the supply as it
is probably bought in from a third party Chinese or Taiwanese
manufacturer. In reality the schematic is probably quite close to those
in UC3842 application notes, as all flyback supplies are pretty similar.
SMPSUs also pose a significant safety hazard during measurement, so
please be careful! I certainly wouldn't attempt to do any investigative
work on it unless you have high-voltage probes, a variac and an
isolation transformer. If your power electronics skillz are sketchy
sometimes the best option is to blindly replace all of the
semiconductors and power resistors in one go and re-test the supply.
(Also replace any bulging or leaking electrolytics!) If this works it's
a quick and cheap fix. If it doesn't I'd just right it off.
I think your best options would be to contact the OEM and request a
replacement supply board, or try to identify a suitable replacement
SMPSU that will fit in the available space and provide the necessary
voltage rails, meet the necessary safety standards, etc.
I hope this helps,
On 2012-07-03 14:28, Gil W. wrote:
> I got a dead FF800 which I'd like to repair. I used the PS unit from
> a working FF800 and the dead unit came alive, so obviously the PS is
> dead. Off circuit, no output voltages from the PS are seen. No burnt
> out parts, no shorts of transistors/diodes/diode bridge, looks clean.
> I noticed that in the dead PS unit, there's no "click" sound heard as
> you power the unit on... On the working unit, you will head a click
> sound a second after turning it on, but I don't see any relay in the
> PS, the click comes from what appears to be a transformer.
> I took parts from the working PS unit and places instead the one in
> the dead unit to see if I can find the defective part (RME doesn't
> the schematic become available...). This way, I replaced all large
> transistors, the photocoupler, the UC3842 ic, coil and transformer. I
> also ran over all solder joints just in case there's a crack. So far
> no change except when I replaced the UC3842 which made the
> make a high pitched noise when powering on and off (no click - and
> working PS doesn't make that noise).
> Before I'm going to look for a new one, any suggestions of what can
> be check further ? Thanks very much !
> Here's how it looks like:
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> Synth-diy at dropmix.xs4all.nl
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